What is poisonous and can threaten your dog

January 10, 2023
What is poisonous and can threaten your dog

what is poisonous and can threaten your dog

What can threaten your dog or cat

The Great Paracelsus said: “Do not tell me about container poison – talk about the dose! ”, And these are not empty words. The real poison of our pets is extremely rare. Although, of course, this happens. But more often in the mouth of dogs and cats it turns out that they got in the garbage bucket, found in the house and on the street, or even begged from the owner.

What can threaten your dog or cat

Substances that are not poisons can lead to serious illness or death. They irritate the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract, cause burns and ulcerations, intestinal cramps and digestive ducts, and disrupt intestinal motility.

And most often the source of the problem is the kindness of the owners and their guests, who themselves are subject to harmful food habits. Such “good-natures” regularly treat their pets delicious, but harmful to them with treats – sweets, sweet cookies, fat cheese, sausage, various smoked meats, chips. These treats, as a rule, contain a large number of irritating substances – salts, seasonings, enhancers of taste and aroma. These substances violate the fine setting of the digestive tract of a dog or cat, forcing the body to work in an forced mode. And sooner or later there is a failure, and the reserves of adaptation by that time were often exhausted.

Chocolate for the dog – poison!

For dogs, an average deadly dose of a poisonous Pesse, which is contained in chocolate is 300 mg per kilogram of weight, and for cats, is even less – 200 mg per kilogram. This dose may be contained in one chocolate tile. However, the owners who feed the pet 1-2 chocolate sweets may not even think about it.

Are onions and garlic harmful?

These rumors are greatly exaggerated. The real poison for dogs and cats is their relatives from asparagus – plants of the Amarillis family (snowdrops, daffodils, sprees, etc.) and some other downstream plants, for example, hyacinths. These plants contain an alkaloid lycarin or chemicals close to it inhibiting cholinsterase. In most of these plants, all their parts and even water from cut flowers are poisonous, so chewing a harmless indoor flower or a game with a twig from a bouquet can be deadly for your pet.

In the animals poisoned by alkaloid or its analogues, nausea, vomiting, and abundant salivation are observed. The condition can worsen gradually, up to the edema of the lungs. In pregnant women, premature birth is possible. With large doses poisoning, paralysis, collapse (sharp drop in pressure) and death are possible.

However, onions and garlic contain special substances-phytoncides (in particular, allicin), which in large quantities can significantly irritate the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, eating a dog or a cat on onions and garlic, especially on an empty stomach, can provoke very serious disorders of the digestive system. This is especially true for animals that already have digestive problems. In this case, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, intestinal cramps can also be observed. As you can see, reactions are similar to lycarine poisoning, but the nature of these reactions is different. Hence the origin of various rumors.

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Fried and fat is harmful not only for humans.

Any diet violation is harmful to the short digestive tract of predators, which include both dogs and cats.

The more different a delicacy is from a natural one, the more damage it can cause. Fatty foods cause malfunctions in the process of bile secretion, and bile is poured into the duodenum at the wrong time or in excess. Bile has a strong alkaline reaction, and if it is not neutralized by the acidic contents entering the duodenum from the stomach, it causes severe over-irritation of the intestinal mucosa. The result is a spasm of the intestine, throwing bile into the stomach. And then there’s the acid. The chemical reaction irritates the walls of the stomach, causing gastritis. Part of the bile during the spasm goes “down” through the intestines, which also causes irritation and provokes diarrhea and spasms.

In parallel, failures occur in the work of the pancreas, disrupting the separation of pancreatic juices. Fried and smoked foods cause a similar effect, only their effect on the pancreas is brighter, and on bile secretion – a little weaker.

But the consequences, as a rule, are the same – acute or chronic pancreatitis and cholecystitis are almost guaranteed to such a gourmet.

Can dogs eat nuts and grapes?

To begin with, let’s clarify that nuts are not included in the natural diet of dogs, as well as grapes. And the natural reaction of their digestive system to unusual foods is to quickly expel what is not digested. Hence the possible vomiting and diarrhea. In addition, coarse particles of nuts and grape skins can also be a strong mechanical irritant. Nut butters are too fatty, and we wrote about fatty foods above.

Now more about grapes. At the end of the 20th century, veterinarians found that animals that regularly ate grapes in different parts of the world showed signs of acute kidney failure. Studies have shown that there is a direct link between eating grapes and the development of kidney failure. So you should not feed your pets with this berry.

However, if the pet did get to the grapes, then vomiting or diarrhea with undigested grapes is rather a good sign. This means that the dog’s body rejects the product that is not intended for it, and the risks of danger to the kidneys are significantly reduced. Nevertheless, it is still worth seeing a doctor and conducting detoxification therapy.

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What is poisonous and can threaten your dog nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

Do not share snacks with your pet!

Excess salt has a bad effect on the work of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and excretory systems. All these systems are forced to mobilize in order to remove too much sodium chloride, which, being absorbed from the intestines, retains excess water in the body, causing fluid stagnation in the intercellular spaces and blood clots in the blood vessels. Therefore, before you give your pet a salty “yummy”, you should think about whether you really want to harm your pet in this way.

Sugar substitutes are banned!

For cats, the taste effect of sweeteners is not considered at all – according to scientists, their taste buds that perceive sweet taste have atrophied. Therefore, there is no point in their use, but direct harm is possible: any chemical substance that is not part of the potential “victim” of the animal is a poison that causes metabolic disorders.

However, without sugar, it is a provocation for the pancreas. Upon receipt of glucose from the intestine into the blood, it should issue a dose of insulin that will help incoming glucose to digest without harming. And if there is a taste, there is also a pancreatic reaction, but sugar has not arrived, then insulin will work “idle”. At the same time, the dog’s forces are sharply reduced, the nerve cells of the brain experience glucose hunger, and the appetite of the animal may increase. All this is due to a sharp drop in the level of glucose in the blood during the “idle” emission of insulin. Such an imbalance provokes metabolic disorders in cells and tissues, the consequences of these disorders accumulate, and the pet can seriously get sick.

Attention, cockroaches!

In addition to the above, there are cases of poisoning of cats and dogs with toxic substances from the group of pyrethroids. Such poisoning can happen when animals lick each other immediately after processing from fleas and ticks. And also – when the dog finds and defeats the “traps” for household insects. Or when a cat or a small dog catches a raking to you from the neighbors poisoned by pyrethroide. In this case, the animal has increased salivation (hypercaling), an increase or decrease in reactions to external stimuli, muscle trembling and some other signs. In case of suspicion of such poisoning, you should urgently consult a doctor.

Caution, antifreeze!

For owners of private houses and lovers, it will be useful to find out that the attention of dogs can attract antifreeze at home. They are filled with a cooling system of machines and the heating system of houses. And sometimes antifreeze (often briefly) is left in an open container. This liquid, sweet to taste, can be happy to drip a dog instead of water. The result is the development of acute renal failure and the fast death of the pet. In this case, you can save the animal only with plasmapheresis or hemodialysis. And they must be carried out urgently! And these are complex and expensive procedures, in addition, equipment for them is rarely found in veterinary clinics. Therefore, it is much easier to control the storage and drain of antifreeze from heating systems.

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Garbage – under the castle!

In the garbage buckets and in the kitchen there are also what attracts the pet, but does not digest. These are sausage skins, bones, especially boiled, nets from ham, plastic packaging from sausages. All this can cause intestinal obstruction. Dogs and cats do not always think about how edible what smells good. Therefore, we should protect them, people. Close the garbage bucket, do not scatter the skins and grids from sausage and ham, and in case of suspicion of “garbage theft”, consult a doctor. I think we will talk about the dangers found on the street and in street garbage tanks.

The opinion of the authors of the community may not coincide with the official position of Roskontrol. Want to supplement or object? You can do this in the comments or write your own material.

What is poisonous and can threaten your dog smoked meats
Shanna Derrick About Author

Author of dog food articles with a deep understanding of healthy dog nutrition.

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