Dog training is a competent and methodically correct effect on the animal with various stimuli in order to develop the necessary, automatically manifested behavior reaction necessary for a certain type of activity.
In the process of training dogs, we develop in the animal those skills that do not occur in its nature. The animal in nature can sit down, Down and perform certain actions independently, dictated by its physiological needs. But thanks to the training methodology, we force the animal to fulfill these reactions at our request. Those. We create such conditions for the animal that change its behavioral reactions, dictated by our needs, in a direction desirable for us.
Many believe that dog training and its upbringing are different concepts.
What is dog training
Dog TRAINING FUNDAMENTALS: LESSON 1
- In the training of dogs, we seek from the dog the necessary fixed, automatically manifesting behavior reactions to certain stimuli within a certain time (from 0. 5 or more seconds depending on the skill produced) and the period (depending on the type of activity). All this happens according to plan, in certain places and without fail at the time of class. Thus, training is a faster process of formation in animals of certain skills.
- The upbringing of dogs differs from training with a longer process, since education accompanies the animal throughout his life. In education, we bring certain requirements, understanding what is good and what is bad. Also, we bring all these requirements over time to automatism. Only we sometimes do not notice this, as this happens unscheduled. Not in the classroom, but with a sudden meeting of an animal with stimuli. Here we reinforce the positive reaction of the animal, and try to get rid of the negative. Or adjusting this reaction.
In one and second cases, you and I achieve a certain result from the animal. We subjugate the animal to our requirements necessary for our society. It turns out that training is like a form of education of animals and the formation of certain skills in a certain method.
Thus, it turns out that these two concepts are one field of berries, i. E. These two processes are interrelated and one cannot do without the other, they complement each other.
Upbringing, plus training, equalizes a well-mannered and intelligent dog.
Today in modern cynology there are several types of training, these include:
As you can see, each of the above training has its own focus, its own rules, regulatory requirements, attitude to the breed characteristics of our pets. And this is not an accident. After all, our four-legged friends developed together with us and were formed according to our requests.
Currently in our society (among trainers, dog lovers and owners) there is some disagreement in the approaches to dog training, and more specifically in the methods of training them. Some trainers believe that their training method is unique, and there is no better one. Other trainers lean toward “humane” methods and consider them to be the most relevant today. Third trainers, having heard an imported cynological term, some kind of training method, a certain approach to training, which allegedly turns on the brains of a dog, become infected with it and stuff it into everything they can, considering it the pinnacle of training. There are trainers who teach all dogs by one method, regardless of their individual characteristics, and consider this to be correct, and so on. Etc.
There is still no such unique training method that would allow you to pick up the key to all, without exception, “individuals of the dog tribe. “
All our beloved pets are individual in their development, like locks, and in order to be able to open one of the locks, you need to pick up a key for it. So in dog training, in order to take on the training of your pet, you need to choose the appropriate training method for it.
In order to have a quality approach to dog training and avoid all sorts of negative consequences, there are many traditional training methods. All these methods, as they say, are good, choose to taste. Without a competent and individual approach to dog training, all attempts to properly prepare your dog, without compromising its health, are doomed to failure.
An individual approach to dog training provides training methods:
The training method is a well-Thought-out, methodically justified system that allows the trainer to influence his pet with certain stimuli stipulated by this method, in order to develop the necessary conditional reflexes from him and bring them to skills.
Depending on the individual characteristics of the dog, you can choose the following main methods of training:
- Taste-promotional method.
- Mechanical method.
- Contrast method.
When developing conditioned reflexes, other methods of training (auxiliary) can be used, these include:
- Imitative method.
- The method of impending.
- Game method.
- Operant and other methods.
All of the above methods of dog training must be used strictly individually for each dog. If you do not succeed in training one of the methods, then you have selected the wrong method. In order to prevent erroneous influences on your beloved pet, you need to contact an experienced specialist-kinologist.