Dog food poisoning
Food is a real “fuel” for the body of all mammals, including a person and all his pets. Without it, life is impossible. But it happens that the nutrition is poor-quality. Dog food poisoning can lead to very severe consequences, especially if the pet is young or old.
What can a dog be poisoned
Of course, many breeders are interested in what the dog can be poisoned with. But we will begin the listing not with the banal spoiled food, since everyone already knows about it. Much more dangerous “human” best storage containers. They are on the table in every house, and in some cases this food can fall into a dog bowl. The consequences are extremely serious, sometimes they can lead to severe food allergies, or even to the death of a pet.
Absolutely harmless and even very useful best storage containers for people may well be a deadly poison for dogs. The same, by the way, applies to drugs for people. Giving them to dogs, with rare exceptions, is categorically impossible!
For example, the same aspir of your pet can be killed easily and at ease.
There is another unpleasant nuance. Dogs are real “piglets. “It is difficult to find more illegible animals in food. The dogs will eat almost any food, even if it smells bad and tasteless, with pleasure they “ruin” any nearby garbage dumps and not averse to “inspect” the content of the garbage bucket. Of course, the owner will deal with the consequences.
What best storage containers of dogs can not be fed
We list the most dangerous foods for dogs:
- “Salt. Of course, sodium chloride is also needed by a dog organism, only in the average food for people it is several times more than necessary. Feeding the remnants of feasts is one of the main reasons for the strongest salt poisoning.
- Avocado. This useful and vitamin fruit in dogs causes severe vomiting and diarrhea.
- Grapes and raisins. They contain organic compounds that are extremely dangerous for dogs, “planting” kidneys and liver liver. In large quantities, grapes can easily lead to death. In addition, experienced breeders believe that black currants have similar properties.
- Poorly baked or raw yeast dough. It is safe in itself, but causes powerful fermentation processes leading to the guts or even their break. In addition, alcohol is released in the process of fermentation, and it is deadly for dogs.
- Potato. Few people know that this storage container is not absorbed by the digestive system of dogs at all, and that its large quantities can lead to severe diarrhea. Again, in the intestines of the dog he will roam, and this is very undesirable.
- Rhubarb. For a person, this vegetable is very useful, but for dogs – quite the opposite. It contains a huge amount of oxalates (salts of oxalic acid). They not only in themselves contribute to the development of poisoning, but are also one of the reasons for the formation of kidney stdog food containers and bladder.
- Nutmeg. A very specific best storage container, unsafe in some conditions and for humans. In dogs, he even causes serious problems with the nervous system, up to the development of seizures similar to epileptic attacks.
- Homeless best storage containers. They contain some not very studied organic compounds that, when using them, can cause convulsions, neurological seizures, and even death.
- Persimmon. Many people adore it, but she should not fall into food in any case! It contains substances that cause severe enteritis, vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.
- Onions and especially garlic. These vegetables contain substances that cause red blood cells and anemia in large quantities. In addition, with a “overdose” of onion, severe poisoning quickly develops, accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea. It must also be remembered that in the intestines of the dogs already very little useful symbiotic microflora, and these “antimicrobial” best storage containers burn its remnants. All this leads to serious dysbiosis and chronic diarrhea.
- Any sources of caffeine (including chocolate in which this substance is also). This compound acts as a light stimulant on a person, but in dogs it causes poisoning, accompanied by nervous seizures, abundant diarrhea and vomiting.
- Citrus fruits cause mild poisoning, accompanied, nevertheless, abundant vomiting.
In general, I would like to warn the breeders about the examination when adding vegetables to the diet. The body of dogs is extremely sensitive to many types of pesticides. If possible, such best storage containers should be either grown independently, or purchased only from the most reliable and trusted suppliers.
Predisposing factors of poisoning
We list other best storage containers and causes leading to the development of food intoxication in pets:
- Very often dogs are poisoned, the owners of which prefer to save on the nutrition of their favorites, giving them foods that have been lying in the refrigerator for a long time. Often such food is moldy, underestimated decay best storage containers accumulate in it. All this contributes to the development of serious poisoning. In addition, moldy food with its frequent use contributes to the development of liver cancer, and sometimes the kidneys.
Owners need to remember that a well-mannered and trained dog = live dog. It will be useful to recall that rotten meat and other trash are not the worst. The dog may well eat a poisoned bait for rodents or poisons, specially scattered for the destruction of stray animals (the measure controversial in terms of humanity). In garbage, used chewing gums often come across. Many brands of these best storage containers contain xylitol. And he is a deadly poison for dogs.
- Dogs can eat some kind of poisonous plant. If you do not see what exactly the dog ate and urgently not take measures, the pet may well die.
- It is extremely dangerous to feed dogs with cat food. And the point is not that the ratio of nutrients, micro- and macroelements, as well as vitamins in them are completely not suitable for dogs. The problem is also in Taurin. This substance is more than useful, but only in cat food its volume is such that in dogs it causes poisoning.
- Cheap feed of the “ultra-econ” class, bought by weight. What they contain is often unknown even to their manufacturers. The consequences of their consumption in food are also difficult to predict. And the point is not even the possibility of poisoning, but of the distant consequences for the body of dogs (infertility, rickets, osteoporosis, etc.).
The first signs and symptoms of food poisoning
It is important for any owner to know how the first signs and symptoms of food poisoning are manifested. Often, both health and the life of the pet depend on it. The sooner assistance is provided, the higher the chances of the speedy recovery (and in general the possibility of this recovery).
So, a complex of the following features is considered a classic picture of poisoning:
- The most important rule. It is believed that with food poisoning, the first signs of something is developing from 4 to 6 hours from the moment of consumption of poor-quality or toxic food. As a rule, this is strong vomiting and diarrhea.
- When eating poisoned food, food containing pesticides and other “serious” toxins, the first symptoms in many cases appear after 40 minutes.
- With serious poisoning, a violation of coordination of movements is possible. The dog seems to be “drunk. “
- A very typical sign is a violation of the normal reaction of the pupils to light. They can become either very large, or they narrow, or do not respond to light sources at all (their size always remains constant).
- Severe poisoning is characterized by a gradual decrease in body temperature. When this symptom appears, it is important to bring the dog to the veterinarian as soon as possible.
- With intoxication, the dog can become either pathologically mobile or abnormally lethargic, sometimes the pet does not react at all to stimuli from the external environment.
- “Bad” poisoning are characterized by the development of seizures, neurological seizures, in especially “successful” cases, the matter can reach the development of paralysis.
- The appearance of blood in the urine. Almost always indicates the presence of nephrotoxic poisons in food.
- Changing the color of all visible mucous membranes. They can become excessively pale, or acquire a bluish tint, or even turn yellow (but the latter is more characteristic of chronic poisoning).
- Many types of intoxication are characterized by a sharp increase in thirst, sometimes the dog literally cannot break away from a bowl of water.
First aid to the dog at home
Immediately warn that first aid to the dog at home is not the best solution. If possible, you should immediately deliver the pet to the clinic.
But if there are any problems with this, you can try to do the following:
- It is necessary to provide the animal with complete peace.
- If there is such an opportunity and at least the initial veterinary skills are present, the dog should be washed with the dog.
- The same applies to the use of enemas.
- It does not hurt to give the dog 10-20 tablets of activated coal. They are poured into powder, mixed with a small amount of water and a pet is damp with a conventional syringe. It is unrealistic to overdose this drug. If the dog is torn out, the process is repeated. In case of improvement of the condition of the dog, it is possible to supply coal every two or three hours during the first 12 hours.
- The poisoned animal needs to drink a lot, and therefore the dog is given unlimited access to clean and defended drinking water.
Stomach washing instructions
But still, the only really effective remedy, partly available to everyone, is gastric lavage. The only problem is that not everyone can perform this manipulation.
And therefore – here is a brief instruction on gastric lavage:
- There is one important rule of “three hours”. Simply put, there is a sense in gastric lavage only in the first three hours from the moment of poisoning. If this time is missed, you can no longer bother.
- First, after giving the pet a mixture of 1% hydrogen peroxide and water (in a ratio of 1: 1), you need to induce vomiting. This will further clean the organ cavity, and the peroxide will partially neutralize toxins (if you’re lucky).
- After that, using a syringe with a long and slightly elastic tube put on it (from a dropper, for example), washing compounds are pumped into the dog’s stomach. In their role, a very weak solution of potassium permanganate or a 3% solution of ordinary table salt can be used.
Attention! All formulations used during gastric lavage should be slightly warm (slightly warmer than room temperature), but not cold. If they are not preheated, the long-suffering mucous membrane of the stomach will suffer even more.
Clinical treatment of food poisoning
In general, it is impossible to describe a specific clinical treatment, since everything will depend on the specific case. For example, the treatment of poisoning caused by ordinary spoiled food is fundamentally different from the treatment of poisoning with rat baits.
However, some general points can be made:
- The stomach is washed, except when it is undesirable or simply too late.
- If, according to the results of the analyzes, or according to the characteristics of the clinical picture, it turned out to find out what exactly the dog was poisoned with, an antidote is prescribed (if any). Alas, this is far from always possible, and even on time – and even less often.
- In some cases (but not always) enemas are indicated. By the way, they are more often used after the “acute” stage, introducing enveloping compounds into the dog’s body. They help accelerate the healing of mucous membranes.
- Almost any poisoning (not just food) requires hepatoprotectors. They help the liver to recover in the shortest possible time and contribute to the removal of residual associated toxins.
- In severe cases, complete or partial blood transfusion is indicated. Much more often (because of the much greater availability) they resort to plasma transfusions.
Dog rehabilitation and diet after poisoning
The most important role is played by the rehabilitation of the dog and the diet after poisoning. So, a responsible approach to rehabilitation includes:
- Providing the affected pet with complete rest and isolating it from stress. During the recovery period, small children should not play with the dog, it should not be taken out for long walks, but at the same time, the animal should breathe fresh air regularly and at least half an hour a day.
- The dog should drink when and how much he wants. In his bowl should always be clean and fresh drinking water.
- For at least the first week, you need to feed the animal moderately, but fully.
Diet also needs to be discussed separately:
If possible, it is better to use special veterinary holistic feeds for recovering pets. In the first three or four days, it is necessary to use their low-calorie types with a reduced content of protein and fat.
A high-quality “natural” is also shown, and preference should be given to rabbit, chicken, turkey. These types of meat are perfectly digestible and do not overload the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.