How to train a dog – useful tips and important rules

February 21, 2023
Dog Training
How to train a dog - useful tips and important rules

Pets living in the city cannot do without upbringing and socialization. When growing up, the perception of new information worsens, so you should start training a dog at home as early as possible. To get the desired result, you will have to spend a lot of time and effort, but you will never have to blush for your pet on the street or visiting.

Why dog training is so important

Training allows you to develop unusual skills and is perfectly disciplined. In her process, the animal assimilates one very important point: the main thing in the house is a person, so he must be respected and listened.


Thanks to competent education, a four-legged learning to perform certain actions and remembers prohibitions established by the owner. Both that and another greatly facilitates life, since a well-mannered dog behaves within the framework of the permitted.


Pets are in contact not only with their owners, but with other members of society. Early socialization protects against inadequate reactions to strangers and animals.

Most often, aggression to outsiders is manifested in representatives of official breeds. Unwanted behavior is corrected from childhood, so that in adulthood the dog does not harm others.

At what age and where to start dog training

Properly built dressing gives results at any age. The number of years affects only the speed of assimilation of new information. It is more difficult to work with adult animals because of established habits, and not because of less developed intelligence.

Dogglers recommend starting training from 2. 5-3 months, that is, since the appearance of a four-legged in your house. At the initial stage, the baby is taught to the nickname, ammunition and the place, a little later they learn the basic commands with him, and at a more conscious age – complex tricks and skills necessary for service or participation in game competitions.

Tarment to the nickname

The nickname is a tool for attracting attention, so simplicity and sonority are important to it. Say her before feeding, playing or walking.

The nickname should cause exclusively positive associations, so do not forget to praise and stroke the puppy after it is pronounced. If you want to scold it, use a bad dog. Otherwise, a runaway animal may not respond, frightened by a possible punishment.

Accustoming to ammunition

The ammunition is accustomed after the last mandatory revaccination, that is, shortly before the first exit for the walk. At first, a collar, leash and muzzle are simply given for examination. The kid must understand that they are not dangerous, and get used to their smells.

Accustoming to a place, aviary or booth

The “Place” command, used outside the standards, is learned for the sake of suppressing unwanted behavior. On a sunbed, in an aviary or a booth they send dogs-asking and outrageous calmnesses.

Please note that the place itself should not cause negative associations. The dog, retired on command, needs to be praised and encouraged. Dog corner is a place of sleep or expectation, but not punishment.

The first commands

First of all, the commands “Come / Come here”, “sit”, “Down”, “stand”, ”No! ” And “Stop” are learned. Forbidding commands are more severe, as they do not involve remuneration. They are learned very carefully (no more than 5 repetitions for 1 lesson) so as not to injure the puppy psyche and not inhibit its activity.

What you need to know about training

For successful assimilation of new knowledge and skills, the trainer must follow a number of rules, use the authority of the pet and skillfully apply the “whip and stick” method.

How to gain trust and leadership position

The dog trusts the one who feeds him, loves and protects him. It is important not to cross the line here. Excessive affection harms relationships and weakens the leadership position.

At first, spend all your free time with four-legged. Joint walks and games effectively strengthen partnerships and devotion.

Closure and severity

One of the frequent mistakes of a novice dog breeder is neglect of the sequence. When giving a ban, adhere to it to the end. Do not make messages in the form of single exceptions. If you do not allow your favorite to sleep on the bed – do not allow this even during an illness. Otherwise, the dog will not understand your indignation when he tries to climb under your barrel after recovery.

The sequence in the commands and gestures used is no less important. Follow their immutability so as not to confuse the animal.

Strictness means a clear pronunciation of the command without begging with subsequent encouragement or punishment. It is important not to succumb to the provocations of the four-legged. He must understand that disobedience is always punishable.

Place of classes

It all depends on age. With unvaccinated kids are engaged in houses. More adult pets are taken out into the closed courtyard, and the most experienced four-legged are in crowded places.

Adding background stimuli develops concentration, which is important in the city. Thanks to her, the trained dog will always come running to the call of the owner, ignoring all other sounds.

Duration of classes

Classes should be regular and frequent from the very beginning, but their duration is better to increase gradually. For the first lessons, 15-20 minutes will be enough. In the future, the dog’s training will have to be devoted about 1-1. 5 hours.

Than to encourage and how to punish

Basic encouragement tools – food, praise and affection. The first works for almost all animals, but gives the weakest motivation. For this reason, the delicacy is used to train puppies, smoothly replacing them with verbal approval and stroking.

Punishment often scares dog breeders, as many associate it with the use of physical strength. In fact, we are talking about completely harmless, but very effective methods:

Boarding the withers (so the mother or leader of the dog food storage container comes with the guilty puppies);

Strictly uttered word "bad"

A whip in the air or a jerk of a leash (should cause slight discomfort, but not pain).

Punishments, accompanied by causing pain, do not work. They are very poorly reflected in the psyche, increasing aggressiveness or cowardice.

Individual approach to the animal

Another important point is an individual approach. The recommended program and training technique directly depend on the breed, temperament and age of the animal.

Knowledge and skills for small breeds

Decorative dogs just dwell on basic skills. They are not suitable for protecting housing and a person, so it is better to focus on their own safety.

It is enough Yorki and Chihuahua to remember the orders “Come / Come here”, “Heel”, “Place”, ”No! ” And “Stop”. Equally important is the accustoming to ammunition. Despite the tiny size, small dogs are also dangerous. They cannot be walked without a leash and a muzzle in a crowded place. Animal behavior is unpredictable, so respect others and follow the rules.

Knowledge and skills for medium breeds

In classes with larger rocks, it is recommended to push off from their character and innate abilities. If your pet treats the fighting, socialize him and stop any attempts to aggression.

In addition to basic commands, you can try to master more difficult disciplines. They should pay attention to the owners of official breeds.

Knowledge and skills for large breeds

Recommendations for representatives of this group are similar to the described above. The smart and active dog can be recorded for additional courses, where he can demonstrate his intelligence and athletic abilitiesch classes favorably affect the general discipline and physical form.

Determination of the temperament of the pet

Temperament affects the speed of assimilation of information and the ability to teach. In total, 4 varieties are distinguished:

Choleric. The game form of training is suitable for choleraiks. They quickly absorb new knowledge, but are constantly distracted by stimuli.

Melancholic. The most problematic type. Melancholys are cowardly, inactive and closed. They need care and patience, so do not wait for too fast results.

Sanguine. Sanguine is active and control their emotions well. They are easy to interest in training and it is very difficult to distract from it.

Phlegmatic. Phlegmatic people are thoughtful and calm. They remember the skills learned for a long time, but with great difficulty switch to something new. The best reward for such pets is the praise of the owner.

How to train a dog - useful tips and important rules animal     

   Another important point

How to train a dog – useful tips and important rules

Please note that the separation presented gives only a superficial assessment. Individuality is unique, so your favorite can combine the features of several temperaments at once.

How to train an adult dog

The training of an adult dog and a puppy differ little from each other. The rules and recommendations are the same for everyone. It is important to note only that the time required to remember and develop skills can be delayed up to a yearch a duration is due to the fact that new knowledge is laid not from scratch, but as an adjustment of already rooted attitudes.

Acquaintance with motivation

Motivation is divided into external and internal. The first view includes encouragement with a treat, toys and praise. Its effectiveness is minimal, as the animal encourage the commission of outside actions.

With intrinsic motivation, the desire to perform certain commands or skills comes from within. The dog gets real pleasure from classes, which greatly facilitates training. This effect is achieved by introducing the significance of the actions performed or by using a game form of training.

What to choose: self-study or classes with a cynologist?

The educational process takes a lot of time and effort. It is especially difficult for owners with little experience, so at the very beginning you should weigh all the pros and cons and decide whether it is worth doing it yourself with a pet.

Pros and cons of homeschooling

The benefits of homeschooling include:

Low level of stress (the animal is engaged in the usual territory);

The formation of a trusting relationship with the pet and the conquest of a leadership position;

Saving time and money on the road and classes in the kennel club.

For beginner dog breeders, dog training at home has 2 important drawbacks: duration and low efficiency. Most often, the process is slowed down by the mistakes made, and the list of available skills limits one's own capabilities.

Pros and cons of vocational training

Classes with a cynologist save time and nerves, guarantee results and receive an honorary certificate upon completion of the course. Despite this, it is important to understand that, in addition to the high price, vocational training is fraught with stress and loss of connection with the four-legged. It is best to enroll in individual courses to learn how to train your dog specifically.

What courses exist?

Dog training is not limited to a standard set of commands. After mastering the basics, you can do more complex disciplines.

Okd – general course

Okd – the base necessary for a pass to more complex disciplines. After passing it, the animal is given an honorary certificate.

The classes teach basic commands, a calm response to loud sounds, a neutral reaction to inspection by another person, and the passage of an obstacle course. All standards are passed at the training ground.

How To Train Any Dog Perfectly!

Ugs – controlled city dog

Ugs – a lightweight version of the OKD without working out the "Fetch" and passing the obstacle course. All designations come up with the owner himself. The exam is taken in an open area in the city. This course is recommended for toy breeds and puppies.

Zks – protective guard service

To the ZKS is allowed only after passing the OKD. This course is for service breeds as it teaches protection and protection. The final exam is taken in a fenced area.

How to train a dog: useful tips and important rules


Samuel Carter author About Author