The upbringing of the dog is a long and sequential process that needs to be started with a puppy age. Training allows you to adjust the behavior of the animal, make it predictable and controlled. Training requires many efforts and time, but the result justifies all costsch interaction improves the social life of the pet – it can be taken with you for walks without fear of causing inconvenience to others, and intellectual loads favorably affect the overall development of the body. There are different methods and techniques of training, in the article we will consider simple ways how to teach the dog to commands.
Where to start training dogs to commands
It is recommended to teach the commands of the puppy from a very early age when the dog comes into active contact with the owner. Depending on the breed, this is 4-6 months, but adults can also adjust behavior-this will take more time. Before starting classes, make all the necessary vaccinations, check the health of the puppy (hearing, vision and coordination). Cycologists recommend that the dog’s contact, reaction in their name will begd with the interaction with the animal during classes.
It is recommended to teach commands from the games and the fooding process. It should be achieved that the puppy perceives its name well, responds to it when exposed to any irritants. In addition, it is necessary to teach the pet to comfortably perceive the collar and leash. You can put on ammunition from the smallest age so that the animal begins to get used to the process.
As a simple initial exercise, the establishment of contact with the pet during feeding is suitable. To do this, you need to pour food into a bowl, do not let the dog go to it. To achieve while she looks into the eyes, eye contact should be at least 5 seconds. Then let the pet to food. After studying the “sit” command, this process can be complicated by seating the dog at some distance from the bowl.
Before starting active training, you should teach the dog to respond in the name against the background of smells and sounds on the street, calmly endure walking on a leash. After the planned vaccination of the puppy, you can start going for walks. You should use a short leash, with which it is easier to achieve contact and control.
If the pet loves active games and there is a bestdogfood.Expert with a fence, it is useful to use a ball on the street. Your task is to throw the ball, while the dog must return to you. No need to worry if the puppy does not give a toy at first, the main task at this stage to teach the dog to respond to your voice, to return. To start training classic commands, when you learn to quickly find contact with your favorite – this increases the effectiveness of classes.
Features of training of an adult dog
Correction of behavior and training of an adult animal is more difficult than a puppy. The dog has an established psyche, fixed behavior models that are problematic to fix. On average, for training basic commands for an adult dog it takes from 3 months to a year. It is required to have patience and a lot of time. Peculiarities:
- Identify the temperament of the animal, depending on this, adjust the teaching methods;
- Try not to show negative emotions;
- Do not make sudden movements if the dog is inclined to show aggression;
- Talk to the dog while working;
- Choose a suitable treat;
- Alternate exercises, change the location for walking.
The fastest way to train an adult dog is the use of physical training methods (the reaction is produced to physical influences), the use of Esho.
However, the electric collar is complicated in circulation (the dog is easy to hurt), it cannot be used without a dog handler control.
Features of puppy training
To teach the puppy new commands is a real pleasure. The young dog quickly studies and tries to please its master in everything. In addition, the reproductive system has not yet been fully formed, so there are no extra irritants in the form of hormones, a reaction to an individual of the other sex.
Farmers recommend first teaching the puppy to “sit”, it requires no more than 10 repetitions in the presence of proper reinforcement. After that, you can proceed to more complex commands. When working with a young dog, training time should be limited, you should alternate exercises, games and rest – puppies quickly get tired.
It is highly discouraged to use aggressive and physical methods of influence, almost all exercises can be mastered with the help of only positive reinforcement.
Equipment for training
For dog training classes, you should prepare in advance so that the exercises are most effective. May be required:
- Collar. Required to control the leash and also grants token power. The height of the collar can be different depending on the characteristics of the breed. He should not rub the coat, cause discomfort.
- Leash. It is necessary for the control and management of the animal. The length of the leash for classes should be no more than 2 m.
- Noose or noose leash. Recommended for training with adult animals as part of a physical approach to training. It is better to purchase models with a latch, they allow you to attach the noose to the desired area of \u200b\u200bthe neck.
- Goodies. The choice depends on taste preferences. It should be the food to which the pet responds the best. It is advisable to use wet pieces so that the animal does not choke during work. For easy storage and transport, you can use a waist bag.
In addition, to train the dog, you should purchase several toys. An Arabian ball, a puller and a regular rope are best suited.
Teaching your dog basic commands
Even if you do not plan to take the General Training Course (GTC) exam, your dog should be taught basic commands. They simplify the interaction with the pet at home and on the street, provide maximum control over the animal. Below is a complete list of classic commands for the full education of any dog.
A simple command that can be taught even to a puppy from 1. 5 months. When the dog gets hungry, take the food in your hand and give it a sniff. Raise the food above the pet's head so that he can see it, but cannot get it. With the help of a slight movement on the croup, sit on the hind legs, wait a few seconds and clearly pronounce the word “sit”. Repeat the algorithm 3-5 times, let it rest. The command will be considered learned when the dog learns to sit down one word at a time, looking into the eyes of the owner.
- Say "sit" and then put one hand on the withers, and the other – show the food next to the ground. Hold it so that the dog stretches down, during this lightly press with your hand. After doing, say "Down", praise.
- Put one hand on the withers, bring the other at the front paws. Serve the command ”Down! ”, and then press on the animal on top and push the paws forward. After the animal is completely settled, praise it.
When working, you must not allow the dog to fill up on the side or back. The command should be achieved within 5-10 seconds.
One of the basic commands that is indispensable in everyday life. There are two options – the dog falls on its litter (sunbed) or fits next to you on a leash with you. The second method is more convenient to replace the commands “Heel” and “Down”.
To teach the dog this word is very simple. It is enough to offer a treat, holding it in your hand, lure it to the necessary place. After that, give a treat, praise. Gradually increase the time between execution in place and encouragement, and then limited only to praise.
It is impossible to allow the dog to immediately break away from the place without a command, with such disobedience, it must be returned to the litter, fix the result again.
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A command that needs all dogs is from a German shepherd to the Yorkshire Terrier. Its peculiarity is that training is based on punishment, which can be negatively perceived by a dog. In this case, training should be carried out on the street, choosing a calm and long route. Himself or with the help of a partner to lay out goodies on the ground. Slowly approach the forbidden object when the animal reaches for it, pull the leash and say ”No! ”. You cannot encourage the command. After fixing, you need to lay a more complex route, for example, where there are often dogs, birds and people, work out the command until complete execution.
Come / Come here
The command is normative, required in everyday life and on the street. Training can be carried out from an early age, the presence of a partner is recommended. During the walk, ask the partner to take the dog on a leash at a distance of 1-2 meters from you, put on the ground. The owner at this time must loudly pronounce the words “Come / Come here”, patting the thigh. At the same time, the partner releases the animal, if it approaches you – give a reward, praise.
It is important to teach the dog the command “Heel”, when performing which it should become left of you (ideally, the animal’s shoulder should be tightly in contact with your foot). Training is carried out according to the standard scheme – take the dog by the leash, start moving forward.
Serve the command "Heel", let the desired position, take a few steps and give a delicacy. If the dog begins to pull, then make a few jerks with a leash. When the movements are worked out, you can remove the carts and work without it. In terms of complexity, this command is considered equal to the signal “guard”.
A very simple command in training, which may be useful when an inspection of the paws or a haircut of claws is required. The scheme of the exercise is to take a treat in the hand, let the dog smell. After that, clench it into a fist at the height of the animal’s chest, wait until the dog begins to scrape your hand on your hand. Say the words "Shake (Paw)", give a delicacy.
Voice and growl
They are usually not used in everyday life, but they are necessary if you plan to take the animal to hunt, for mushrooms in the forest or in search of people. When learning, it is important to take into account the temperament and features of the breed, for example, basenji simply do not know how to make sounds, and labradors and shepherds learn to give a voice quickly.
Take a treat in your hands, let the dog smell. Raise above her body, pronounce the command. Fasten the leash to the tree, leave a little. Wait barking, praise and give a treat. The second teaching method is imitation. You can teach barking on command with a trained dog.
Another normative command that is part of OKD. It is also required to put on a collar, comb wool or show your teeth on command. Learning is recommended to start after assimilation “sit”, “Down”.
To teach Stand easier on the street, in a place where there are no extraneous sounds. Go to the pet and clearly pronounce the phrase. With one hand, raise the puppy under the stomach, holding the collar by the other (the dog should rise and freeze). After performing the rack, praise.
A complex skill that not every dog can master. To teach a command Fetch is required to pass the standard for OKD. For training you need to find a quiet and calm place. Set the animal, take a leash in the left hand, and in the right one is an item for a throw (a toy, stick, glove). To tease the pet near the nose, then throw it at a distance, saying "Bring the toy. "To call on yourself, praise if the dog brought you the necessary thing.
For training, a plastic tube is required up to 15 cm, the width should be sufficient so that a folded handkerchief can be laid there.
First you need to teach the dog the Fetch command, work out so that the play with the pipe gives joy. Next, decide what substance you want your dog to learn to find, for example, coffee. Pour several grains into the scarf, wrap and put in the tube. Play with a pet, encouraging after each search. After that, start hiding the phone, the animal is awarded when it finds an object by smell.
A simple command that implies a jump through an obstacle. You can start working out at home. To do this, you need to take one leg next to the wall. Put a dog on one side, on the other to keep a treat. To let jump, after that say the command “Barrier”, “Bar” or “Hop”. Gradually increase the height, include obstacles on the street.
They do not have normative value, are required only for the intellectual load of your pet. Trump training should begin after the dog learns the main basic commands.
The dog should raise the back of the body, and resting the front paws on the surface of the floor, the ground. The learning algorithm is simple. With one hand, take a treat and hold the ground, invite the dog to approach him. Step the second hand under the stomach, preventing him from Down. When the dog takes the desired pose, pronounce the phrase, give a treat. After several repetitions, try to remove the supporting hand.
A simple trick in mastering that looks pretty nice. To teach the command “kiss” the command, you need to glue a piece of cheese or dry meat on the cheek. Encourage the dog to lick you, after fulfilling praise. Gradually abandon the treats, stimulating the performance of the action only in the voice.
Serving, or bunny
This position is easier to teach a small dog. When performing this exercise, the dog should sit down, raise the front paws folded together. For training, you need to put an animal, raise your hand with a treat just above its nose. Put your hand back, achieve the right action. The command will be considered mastered when the dog takes the necessary position in the voice, will freeze in it.
A popular circus exercise, when the dog closes the face with the front paw at the command " ashamed". For learning, you will need treats and adhesive tape. Fix the treats to the animal on the eyebrows, as close to the eye as possible. As soon as you notice how the pet is trying to remove a foreign object, loudly say the keyword, give a treat.
Put the pet on the command to “Down”, take a treat and let smell. Pull the treats from the nose to the side, then to the side and along the back. Wait for the dog to fall on the side, say the word "die", encourage.
You need to start training this trick after mastering the “die” command. Lay the pet, then take the treat until it falls on its side. Continue to lead a hand with a treat until the dog makes a somersault around its axis. Say the command loudly, praise.
Put the dog in a Down position, attract food. Slowly pull a piece of cheese or meat from the nose, allowing to crawl to it. After passing a small distance, let the command be treated. Gradually increase the distance and refuse to encourage food.
Briefly about the main thing
- Dogs are well trained in various commands and tricks. It is advisable to carry out training from a puppy.
- For classes, you will need a short leash, goodies and toys.
- The main normative commands are a place, fu (quietly), Come / Come here, sit, Down and Heel. They need to be mastered in the first place.
- After learning basic words, you can start training with complex tricks, for example, teach a pet to do a somersault or get up like a gopher.
What commands do your dog know? Share in the comments how you trained your pet.
5 years ago, my wife and I started a male of the Irish terrier. This is a very energetic, social and smart dog. I love him for honesty and a feeling of joy that he gives every day. I often consult with veterinarians, dog lines. I believe that the upbringing and content of the pet is a great responsibility, because he depends on a person in everything. I want the dog to feel comfortable and safe. I write articles about dogs to share my experience with other owners. We all face various problems in the process of keeping four-legged friends, and, knowing information, we can avoid errors, unpleasant consequences.