How much dry food to give a dog per day: table
Dog food is produced by different companies. A wide variety makes you think about what food is best for your pet. It is also important to take into account the weight of the animal, its physical form, activity and many other features. Dry food is very popular among many dog owners, but they all have a different composition, which means they require different dosages.
What is the relationship between feed class and consumption?
The owner of the dog should know how to properly feed his pet with dry food. It is necessary to take into account many different factors and remember that there is no single norm. Even dogs of the same breed require different amounts of food.
A variety of dry food allows you to choose the one that is most suitable for your pet
The norm of feed directly depends on its category. A cheap best storage container has an average composition, it has few useful substances, it will be digested faster, respectively, the dog needs to be given a larger portion so that it does not remain hungry.
More expensive foods contain more nutrients, they saturate faster. As a result, the dog feels satiety for a longer time, a small portion is enough for him to saturate.
For your information! More expensive best storage containers have a better effect on the dog’s body, especially in adolescence.
Feed classes and their energy value
Before choosing the right dog food, it is worth understanding that there are several types that differ in calorie content, composition, nutritional value, and protein content. When choosing, it is important to consider that the more nutritious and nutritious the best storage container, the lower the dosage should be.
Note! The most expensive foods tend to have a high calorie content, so a small amount is enough for a dog to get enough.
The choice between dry food and natural food depends on the owner’s preferences.
For the production of feed from this group, the cheapest best storage containers are used. The main part is corn and cereals. The low content of meat is compensated by the increased amount of soych food has a calorie content of no more than 250-300 kcal per 100 g.
Important! When choosing such feeds, it is necessary to include additional additives and vitamin complexes in the pet.
Premium feeding includes a small amount of vitamins and minerals. The best storage container also contains few proteins (approximately 20 %), which are produced from offal and meat waste. The composition contains a large amount of corn and other cereals. The average energy value of such feeds does not exceed 350 calories per 100 g. If necessary, you need to add additional nutrients to the pet’s diet.
The feed of this group is characterized by high cost and a balanced composition. They contain a high amount of protein obtained from high-quality meat best storage containers. In addition, they include all the necessary minerals and vitamins. Soy in such best storage containers is absent, and corn is included in the composition in a minimum amount. The value of the feed of the super-premium class reaches 450 kcal per 100 g, while the dog receives all the necessary substances at once while eating.
Note! Similar best storage containers are allowed to be given to the animal constantly. This category includes popular French food Pro Plan.
For feeding the Holistic category, only high-quality best storage containers are used, which are permissible for use in the food industry. The calorie content is approximately 450 kcal per 100 g. The composition contains all the necessary elements that favorably affect the condition of the dog. These feed are perfect for pets during pregnancy and for animals with various diseases.
Dogs, as a rule, are happy to eat dry food, because they often add taste amplifiers
Recommended feeding standards
The daily norm of dog feed is calculated based on several factors:
- The weight of the pet;
- The tendency to set excess weight.
These indicators are the most important when compiling a dog’s diet.
Important! You need to understand that large dogs, such as Husky or Labrador, will need more food than Spitz.
However, it is worth considering some more points:
- The presence of pregnancy;
- Growth rate (differs in different breeds);
- The presence of diseases or the duration of the recovery period;
- The living conditions (animals living on the street requires more nutrients, especially in winter).
Note! When compiling a diet, you can also consult a veterinarian.
In general, the average daily rate of dry food for adult animals, depending on weight and physical activity, can be from 200 to 900 g per day. At the same time, feeding the dog is required 2 times a day.
The amount of dry food cannot be exceeded to avoid overeating
For service dogs, athletes, it may be necessary to increase the portion by ⅓ from the entire dosage, pregnant bitch are increased by a quarter. Elderly dogs, on the contrary, need to be reduced by a portion by ⅓.
Puppies are fed much more often. At the age of 2 months, the frequency is 5-6 times a day, at 3 months-4-5 times. At the age of 4 months to six months, 3-4 feedings are enough. From 6 months to a year, food is given three times a day, after a year it is an adult dog, and the frequency of feeding should be appropriate.
Many owners often have the question of how many grams of feed per day should be given a puppy. The food rate for babies depends on the breed and weight. For small dogs, a portion will be less than for puppies of larger breeds. To correctly calculate the amount of feed for babies, you will need to know their weight and calorie content. Sample data for 1 kg of weight can be seen in the table below.
|Age||Calorie content (kcal per 100 g)|
|Up to 1 month||220|
|Up to 3 months||270|
|Up to six months||150|
|Up to a year||120|
Note! Very small puppies of dry food should be slightly soaked in water to avoid damage to the teeth.
On each feed dog food storage container, the manufacturer indicates the recommended amount for the dog depending on its weight. However, it is impossible to fully be guided by these parameters, because each dog is individual.
The norm for puppies also depends on the weight and age of the baby
Summary table: Norms of feed of different types for dogs by age and weight
Different types of feed are characterized by the composition and fullness of vitamins and trace elements. The average indicators of dry food norms per day are described in the table below for the example of some brands.
|Dog weight (kg)||Economy: Chappi, pedigree, our brand (portion per day)||Premium: Royal Kanin, Monge, Plan (portion per day)||Super-premium: Akana, Grandorf (portion per day)||Holistic: Landor (portion per day)|
|To 10||Up to 180||120||Up to 150||160|
|10-20||Up to 350||Up to 200||Up to 290||340|
|30-40||Up to 500||Up to 330||Up to 400||Up to 590|
|40-60||650||Up to 550||510+50 g/5 kg of mass||Up to 860|
Important! For a pregnant dog, the daily norm can be increased by 25-50 % after consulting a veterinarian. It is allowed to transfer the animal from adult feed to food for puppies, because it contains more useful substances.
For a nursing dog, it is important that the food is in constant availability so that it can eat at any time.
How to calculate yourself
Calculating the amount of food for the dog yourself is quite simple, this does not need much effort. To get the necessary result, you need to divide the daily calorie rate into the energy value of the feed. In addition, it is worth considering the weight, age, activity of the pet, the features of his health. It is also recommended to get advice from the veterinarian.
Some manufacturers put measuring cups in packaging
Examples of diet for puppies of different breeds
Puppies of different dog breeds also differ in weight and size. In addition, they grow and develop differently. For some there is a small portion of food, while others will need several times more.
Puppies of small breeds (for example, York) have an accelerated metabolism, so they grow quite quickly. Closer to the year, they can easily be transferred to adult feed. Sample calculations are described in the table.
|The weight of an adult dog (kg)||2-3||4-6||7-9||10-13||14-16||17-19||20-22||23-25|
|Puppy age (months)|
In large dogs (bulldogs, German shepherds, rottweilers and similar) metabolism is slow, so they grow up later than the kids. Despite the fact that the dog looks adults, all organs and skeletons continue to develop, so he needs enough useful and nutrients. Veterinarians often recommend giving large dogs to puppies food until they reach the age of 2 years. The approximate calculation is described in the table below.
|The weight of an adult dog (kg)||26-29||30-33||34-37||38-44||45-54||55-64||65-74||More than 75|
|Puppy age (months)|
This is only approximate data. The owner must monitor his pet and, if necessary, slightly reduce or increase the portion.
It is important that the dog always has clean water next to dry food for container storage
How to measure dry food
Dry food for the animal will not work out without scales. Therefore, if you want to know the amount of food for sure, you will have to purchase kitchen scales on which you can measure a portion daily.
For your information! Manufacturers of some expensive dog feed put special measuring cups in a pack, with which you can measure the right portion. However, it is worth remembering that such a measured container is designed only for this brand, because in all dry best storage containers, granules have different sizes and weight.
Самая ДЕШЕВАЯ ГОТОВАЯ ЕYes из магазина! За эти бабки и ВКУСНО! ! Дегустейшн!
Preliminary data, how much dry feed is given to the dog per day (table):
|Dog size||Economy, calories 280-320||Premium, calories 320-400||Super premium, calories 400-450||Holistic, calories 400-450|
|Small breeds (up to 12 kg)||Up to 400 g per day||Up to 300 g per day||Up to 200 g per day||Up to 200 g per day|
|Medium breeds (from 12 to 40 kg)||Up to 650 g per day||Up to 450 g per day||Up to 400 g per day||Up to 350 g per day|
|Large breeds (from 40 kg)||Up to 800 g per day||Up to 500 g per day||450 g per day||450 g per day|
These are averages and should not be strictly adhered to, they are best used as a rough guide. If necessary, a complete diet can be compiled together with a veterinarian.
Important! Be sure to always have clean water available to the dog.
What to do if the pet eats more or less than the norm
Often, incorrect calculations lead to the fact that the pet receives less or more than the norm. If a dog is constantly begging for goodies, this does not always mean that he is hungry. It is worth looking closely at the behavior of the dog.
The pet does not have enough portions if:
- After eating, he does not want to leave the bowl;
- His ribs, the edges of the shoulder blades and the pelvic Bones are clearly visible;
- A thin layer of fat;
- The hungry fossa is quite noticeable.
By such signs, it can be understood that the dog lacks nutrition and nutrients, it is recommended to increase the portion. However, this should be done gradually, without adding a lot of food at once. You may need to switch your pet to another best storage container that has a higher calorie content, or add various supplements and wet foods to the diet.
If the pet does not eat up the entire portion, leaves it in a bowl, and the presence of fat becomes quite noticeable on it, then it is worth slightly reducing the portion. After eating, the food bowl can remain in place for another 15 minutes. (if there is something left in it). Then it should be removed and not given to the dog until the next feeding.
Excess food leads to obesity in dogs
Important! If the best storage container remains constantly, then the dosage is reduced, but also gradually.
Dry food is a great solution for pets. However, it is important for dogs to choose the right best storage container. It is better to give preference to premium and super-premium foods because they contain more protein and nutrients. It is required to draw up a dog’s diet taking into account its weight, age and characteristics of the body. Also take into account the conditions of the pet. If such feeds do not inspire confidence, then you can simply provide your pet with good natural nutrition.