The health and resistance of the dog’s body to infections, poisons and parasites largely depends on the diet of the animal.
The general well-being of the dog also depends on the normal functioning of the digestive system and a malfunction in the work of these important organs can lead to many diseases: allergies, obesity, impaired functioning of the liver, kidneys and other internal organs, and other pathologies. Feed your pet dry food or healthy food – it’s up to you. In this article, we will explain how to make balanced homemade dog food for small and adult dogs.
Senior natural dog diet homemade
A natural diet is considered more pleasant for a dog due to its diversity, but it is worthwhile to approach it responsibly.
You will have to balance it yourself so that your dog can get all the vitamins and minerals it needs. In addition, proper natural feeding will cost much more than ready-made dog food.
The correct senior dog food homemade is a diet that does not need additional processing, which consists of meat and offal, medium-fat fermented milk products, vegetables and some unsweetened fruits. You can also add cereal bran to the main homemade senior healthy food.
How much homemade dog food to feed your dog
In the natural diet of a dog, the main meat product should be beef, not necessarily first-class, but always fresh. In general, many experts do not recommend feeding high-quality meat to animals.
You should not give pork to dogs, but at any age you can feed them with horse meat, lamb, rabbit meat, not forgetting about the high calorie content of the latter.
Poultry (chicken, turkey) can also be given, as well as their offal (liver, stomach and heart), but you need to monitor the skin and digestion of the animal.
Any meat must be fed to animals raw, but previously frozen.
The dog also needs offal (heart, kidney, udder, etc.), they are offered in boiled or raw form. At the same time, the lung and liver are not recommended to be used often – not all dogs digest these foods well.
The most popular Stella and Chewy reviews by-products in dog food are unpeeled and unprocessed beef tripe – it is this product that is most often given to dogs first, subsequently transferring to natural meat homemade dog food recipes for pitbulls.
Other sources of protein
Dogs can eat boneless frozen marine fish. You cannot feed raw fish caught in the river to animals – it may contain parasites that are dangerous to them. Fermented milk products are another source of protein for dogs.
The body of not all animals normally reacts to fatty foods, so it is recommended to give cottage cheese with a fat content of up to 5-9%, kefir – no more than 3.5%, all this with a shelf life of no more than one week. Sugary yoghurts with various fillings should not be given to dogs – they contain enough sugar and preservatives, which can cause digestive problems.
With caution, you should give the animal fermented baked milk (varenets) – the product can cause fermentation.
When feeding a dog with natural products, you must not mix meat and lactic acid foods in one meal. Meat with vegetables is allowed to be given in one feeding, and lactic acid products in another.
You can add raw eggs to dairy products 2-3 times a week, not more often – otherwise there is a danger of allergies or even poisoning – the dog should only consume them boiled.
Vegetables, herbs, grains
For dogs, the presence of almost all vegetables and greens in the diet is necessary. The exception is potatoes and exotic fruits and vegetables. If your dog eats porridge or other balanced foods that contain up to 50% corn or sweet potatoes, then your pet will not have a healthy intestine.
In general, pure cereals or flour products should not be included in the natural nutrition of animals. These products contain rapidly digestible carbohydrates, which are far from vegetarians by nature, cause disruption of normal intestinal microflora, as well as a decrease in immunity and body resistance.
Bones are not only tasty, but also a healthy delicacy
The dog does not have to gnaw bones, there is no nutritional value in this product, and it can only be considered as a kind of trainer for the teeth and jaws. Bones should be given with caution – the dog can seriously grind or even break its teeth, damage the enamel, injure the gums and tongue.
Fragments of bones can get stuck between the teeth, in the digestive or intestinal tract, stomach – tubular bird bones are especially dangerous in this regard.
Therefore, you can only recommend large beef bones, and even better – replace them with manufactured products from tendons and gelatin, as well as special toys made of rubber and silicone.
The latter are not only safe, but also beneficial for the dog – they clean the teeth of the animal from plaque. It is recommended to introduce bones into the puppy’s diet from three months.
And a few more rules
There are several rules that owners must follow if their dog eats natural food:
- Balanced Dog food does not need to be mashed. The exception is sick animals and puppies. The meat is offered to the pet in the form of pieces, and hard vegetables should be chopped on a coarse grater.
- An adult dog on natural nutrition needs balanced vitamin and mineral preparations or individual vitamin supplements, first of all, vitamins A, E, D in the form of oil solutions. You can add dry yeast, seaweed, and other vitamin-rich foods to your meals.
- Healthy food for dogs should be balanced – not only healthy digestion of the animal depends on this balanced Kirkland dog food from Costco, but also the general health of the dog. An improperly formulated diet can lead to dysbiosis in the intestines, and this condition can lead to the development of allergies, disruption of internal organs, obesity, and the occurrence of chronic diseases.
- Bones for animals should be raw – when boiled, they have a bad effect on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and can cause intestinal obstruction.
How to calculate the amount of natural homemade food for your dog?
There is a special formula: up to 6 months of age, a dog should eat 6-7% of its weight per day, an animal older than 6 months – 3-3.5% of its weight.
The daily volume of food for a dog with natural feeding consists of about 30-50% fermented milk food, 30-50% meat and meat products (as an option – fish), the rest – raw vegetable products, bran, eggs.
So, an animal weighing 15 kg over the age of 6 months should eat about 600 grams of food. This can be, for example, 200 grams of cottage cheese and kefir, 300 grams of raw meat, about 100 grams of raw grated vegetables.
Dog owners also need to remember not to overfeed their animals. Even if you follow the food guidelines for your dog, but give too much of it, it is just as harmful as feeding your pet unacceptable food.