Food poisoning in dogs: how and what to help your pet
Food poisoning in dogs is considered a common ailment, more precisely, a phenomenon. Unfortunately, no living creature is immune from poisoning, so it is important for the owner to be able to identify and stop it in a timely manner. Strangely, even when the owner knows that the dog has been poisoned, their mortality rate is quite high, and the reason for this is the inability to provide first aid. Food poisoning is no small matter. Eating a spoiled piece of meat can lead to serious complications and even death of a pet.
Types and causes of poisoning
Human physicians and veterinarians divide poisonings into two main categories: food poisoning and non-food poisoning. The second category is divided into subcategories, for example, poisoning with gases, metals, alkalis, etc. It is important to understand that non-food poisoning can be combined with food poisoning, but the terminology is something like this:
- Food poisoning in dogs is more common than non-food poisoning. The poison enters the body from the digestive system, that is, the dog eats the source of the toxins. A food combination is combined with a non-food combination when the dog eats sprayed grass, drugs, rat poison, etc.
- Non-food poisoning in a dog – toxins enter the body in any way, except for the digestive system. Some poisons are contaminated by skin pores, mucous membranes, respiratory tissues, etc. Poisoning with flea prevention media (drops, solutions, shampoos) is considered non-food.
According to depressing statistics, more than 80% of dogs end up in a clinic or die from poisoning due to the fault of the owner. This does not mean that the owner poisoned the pet intentionally, often, the dogs are not watched for a walk, which leads to eating poisonous substances.
In fairness, we note that dogs, one of the most unscrupulous pets in food, even rats and hamsters will not eat something that is missing. Taking advantage of not pickiness, some owners feed their pets with not always fresh food leftovers “from the table”, which can also cause poisoning. Common mistakes that lead to trouble are:
- Feeding by missing best storage containers, logically: “It is a pity to throw it away, and the dog will eat. “Even 20–25 years ago, dogs were fed than they would have to, justifying this with a “strong digestive system” and an supposedly lack of dysbiosis. Observations show that from a slightly “walking” soup, the dog can not only poison, but also die.
- Inadequate care, namely, feeding exclusively meat. The dog should get vegetable and carbohydrate food along with protein. The meat must be alternated with offal, less often with fish. Trying to keep the dog better, the owner personally brings the pet to protein poisoning.
- Feeding with cheap feed or food that is stored incorrectly. Some cheap substances contain toxins (for example, non-food dyes, preservatives “e-shki”), this is even written in the composition But warnings do not stop the owners.
– leads to an overdose of taurine and proteins.
- Feeding unwashed vegetables and fruits that are treated with pesticides.
- Walking impatiality is the most common reason due to the fact that the dog picked up a source of toxins from the ground. There are many opinions about the habit of obtaining food on their own, but the main dog food containers come down to the unbalanced diet, free walking (when the dog is intentionally released on the street so that it finds itself to eat), improper or insufficient upbringing. It is especially important to ensure that the dog does not have vitamin deficiency; in this state, four-legged people tend to eat not only spoiled best storage containers, but also inedible things.
- Eating poisonous herbs on a walk.
- Storage of hazardous substances in the dog access field applies to household chemicals, poisons, drugs and Chocolate. The dog may die if he finds and eats black chocolate tiles. The poison is raisins and grapes, xylitol contained in chewing gums, cheap sweets and toothpaste.
Important! The prevention of worms carried out not according to the instructions or inappropriate means is one of the common reasons for the poisoning of home dogs.
Important rules for the content of dogs that are not obvious, but will help to avoid poisoning:
The dog is only with special shampoos. If you cannot afford a good shampoo, and the dog needs to be redeemed urgently, do not use detergents or buy simple laundry soap.
- Strictly control the expiration dates of drugs from worms and preventive agents from blood-sucking parasites.
- Pills, medicines, children’s syrups should be stored on the top shelves! A closed bedside table does not guarantee that the dog will not get to the medicines, some of which have a very attractive smell.
- To prevent your dog from picking up off the ground, give him vitamins regularly. However, one cannot act at random here, since an excess of vitamins can be even more dangerous than their lack.
- If you forget to give vitamins to your dog, you should think about feeding high-quality industrial dog foods that are balanced and fortified.
Important! Until you are convinced of the reasonableness and restraint of the pet on the street, walk in a half-closed nylon muzzle.
How do you know if a dog has been poisoned?
Depending on the rate of absorption of toxins, the first symptoms of food poisoning in dogs appear after 4-6 hours. In case of drug poisoning, especially if the pet picked up a deliberately scattered bait, acute symptoms are observed after 45-60 minutes. Rat poison gives clear symptoms within 3 hours in adult dogs, within 1 hour in adolescents and puppies.
Important! If you find signs of food poisoning in a pet and suspect that he might have picked up something on the street, immediately consult a doctor, delay, even with the right help, can cost a life.
Self-treatment of dogs for poisoning is quite realistic, but only if you know exactly the cause! In case of poisoning with drugs and poisons, intravenous infusions are most likely to be needed, and if you do not have the appropriate skills, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The first wake-up call is complete apathy, but this symptom is often overlooked, attributing it to the dog’s mood. A more obvious sign is refusal of food, less often of water. You can still skip a starvation diet, sometimes dogs deliberately do not eat for 1-2 days, but refusing to drink is a good reason to sound the alarm. A sharp decrease in mobility, the pet lies, ignores commands, tries not to change its position, but before that, it behaves very restlessly for literally 10-15 minutes. Further, the picture develops violently, may include all or part of the following symptoms:
– the dog cannot stand up, staggers, pulls its hind legs.
- Obvious disturbances in the functioning of the central nervous system – the first sign is incorrect accommodation of the pupils, that is, they do not narrow in the light or do not expand in moderate lighting.
- Decreased core body temperature.
- Complete apathy or overly excited, inadequate state. Convulsions, paralysis.
- Noticeable slowing or increased heart rate.
- Sometimes circling in place, as if the dog was leaning to one side.
- Respiratory failure – breaths are shallow, sharp, short, often stray. Sometimes with blood, frequent licking of the muzzle, wheezing during inspiration.
- Bleeding from nostrils, mouth, anus.
- The formation of hematomas / bruises on the body, indicating massive destruction of blood vessels.
- Severe diarrhea with or without foamy vomiting.
- Involuntary bowel movements with or without blood.
- Blueness, pallor or yellowness of the mucous membranes. Less commonly, the mucous membranes become completely transparent or purple.
- Often intense thirst, especially when poisoned by rat poison.
- Rapid and severe dehydration.
- A distinct abnormal smell from the mouth (not the smell of vomit). Garlic-like odor indicates arsenic poisoning, ammonia hue indicates kidney failure.
- Violation of the heart rhythm up to cardiac arrest. – in case of poisoning with poisons, it occurs in 2-4 hours.
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The above list is far from complete, but it can be called the basis for diagnosing food poisoning. More specific symptoms indicate poisoning with specific poisons, but not with missing best storage containers.
Protein poisoning can be characterized as a separate species, since it develops gradually. The first sign – indigestion and incomplete absorption of food is rarely associated with intoxication, besides, the owner is more than confident in the well-being of the dog, because he feeds him only with meat. With a long meat diet, intoxication becomes more pronounced.
Note! The plus and minus is that even a rare dilution of the diet with offal, vegetables and cereals partially eliminates poisoning Plus, because the dog becomes easier, minus, because the owner does not understand that he is harming the pet.
Symptoms indicating protein poisoning are eliminated quickly enough, you just need to balance the diet or transfer the dog to high-quality industrial food. Signs of protein poisoning include:
On the back, muzzle and area just above the tail.
- Changes in the quality of wool – loss of luster, too hard or brittle structure. And constant itching without reference to a specific place on the body.
- The dog develops something like dandruff, in fact it is flakes of the skin, which wipes off too quickly.
- Weight loss without its subsequent gain – for this, carbohydrates are needed in the diet.
- Very strong smell of urine and its darkening.
Important! Explicit symptoms of protein poisoning are manifested no earlier than after 4 weeks of accumulating decay best storage containers in the blood.
How to help a dog with food poisoning?
When you realized that the pet was poisoned, you need to collect the will into a fist, strain your memory and make an anamnesis. You will have time while you are waiting for a doctor or going to the clinic. The main task is to understand what went wrong as usual. Perhaps you left pills on the table or the dog refused to eat after a walk (picked up something). The clearer the anamnesis will be, the less assumptions about the nature of the poisoning.
Treatment at home involves the provision of emergency assistance, that is, holding measures that stop the absorption of poison, which is still in the intestines. The most obvious action is to give the dog activated carbon or any other absorbent. If you can make an enema, absorbents are given after the procedure. Noticing that the dog quickly gets worse – you need to cause vomiting one of the methods:
- Mechanically – fingers are placed on the root of the tongue.
- Stimulating – dogs forcibly fall out a large volume of a weak solution of potassium permanganate, a warm solution of salt and water 1:25, a solution of water and hydrogen peroxide 1: 1.
Important! All of the above actions are relevant only with food poisoning, since they are aimed at eliminating toxins from the stomach and intestines of the dog. If you suspect that the dog is poisoned by contact poison, the pet must be washed using natural laundry soap.
The poison, which managed to get into the blood, circulates a tangible harm every minute through the body. Abundant drink in combination with diuretics will help to stop a little to stop. However, diuretics are far from harmless in all cases and are contraindicated if the dog’s kidneys are badly damaged.
If the dog has a temperature, it needs to be covered if possible to lie nearby and hug. In this case, it will be useful to ask someone for help, since the dog will not only be warmer, but also calmer. For additional heating, you can use a heating pad or bottles of warm water.
With obvious problems with the respiratory system or abundant vomiting, you need to open the windows wide (even if it is cold outside). These signs indicate that the dog lacks oxygen, namely, it helps to attack and destroy toxins. At the slightest suspicion of poisoning of household chemicals, linseed or sunflower oil 1-2 ml per 1 kg is forced to fall into the mouth of the dog. 10-15 minutes after taking oil and in the absence of diarrhea, a laxative is used.
The bruises of the hematoma on the body indicate that the heart and blood vessels cannot cope with the load. On top of the skin, through a cotton towel, cold is applied to the hematomas, which allows you to slightly narrow the vessels. It is hardly possible to save fabrics from destruction from destruction, but the dog will not be so uncomfortable and the process will slow down a little.
It is important to understand a few more important nuances regarding the provision of first aid to the dog for poisoning:
- If the situation develops rapidly, you call a doctor at home, albeit not the best, the main thing is that the doctor can put a dropper.
- It is possible to cause vomiting, pouring water, it is possible to give medicines only if the dog is conscious, otherwise there is a great risk of strangulation.
- With gasoline poisoning, fuel oil and other oil best storage containers, it is strictly impossible to cause vomiting, you can give oil or laxative.
- It is categorically impossible to cause vomiting if the dog has a convulsion.
– Not a panacea, although it really connects heavy metals if the dog is poisoned by them.
Note! Treatment of poisoning involves leaving after removing an acute state, most often a plentiful warm drink is prescribed, an easily digestible diet that supports therapy.
Dog care after food poisoning
The general rule for any situation is not to feed after food poisoning. A hungry diet for adult dogs is assigned to knocks, for puppies for 12 hours. If poisoning was not associated with heavy metals, 3- days after removing the acute state, the dog does not need to be given milk and dairy best storage containers. To improve the condition of the intestinal walls, it is better to use smectu, diamond, etc.
From the second day and during the week, the basis of the diet should be a light broth and well-boiled rice. If the dog’s walls are damaged, the first 3-4 days give only a boiled darkened rice and water in which it was cooked. Throughout the diet, it is advisable to chop the general tonic complexes (vitamins) to the dog.