Bones for dogs are a useful complementary food. But with so many choices, it can be easy to get confused. And then there are the store-bought treats next to the natural treats. How to determine what is better, and which bones are suitable for the pet.
Benefits and harms
Consumption of dog bones leads to the death of the animal – a myth. Dog lovers who exclude this product from their diet are mistaken in assuming that, in this way, you can harm their body. Chewing raw bones is analogous to a good brushing of the teeth. While chewing, excess plaque is removed. Some gum problems are prevented.
Raw bones are a source of phosphorus, calcium and other vitamins, minerals that the dog needs daily. Consumption, properly selected bones, is good for the pet’s body.
Chewing them develops the stomach muscles and prevents the formation of gas in the intestines. This treat promotes the proper functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and spares the animal from various diseases.
Dogs participating in shows should not eat raw bones. They provoke cavities, thin the tooth enamel and change the bite.
It takes a long time for the animal’s body to digest roughage. Thanks to this, useful micronutrients have time to assimilate, and the gut is strengthened.
The disadvantage of feeding bones is the age restriction. For puppies too young, veterinarians do not recommend including them in the food.
For adult dogs, eating bones no more than 2-3 times a week is allowed. Otherwise, the muscles of the mouth will be overstretched.
Damage to the dog’s mouth is another downside. Small splinters can bite into the gums and cause pain for the pet.
Crumbling bones that remain in the dog’s throat when swallowed are particularly dangerous. They cause choking. If the vet does not help in a timely manner, the animal may die.
Bone elements left in the intestines provoke constipation, diarrhea with bloody streaks. In this case, only surgery will help.
No chicken bones for the dog. They break when chewed, forming many sharp small elements. Sharp pieces easily injure the walls of the stomach, the shell of the intestines.
Another reason why the dog should not be given chicken bones is inflammatory and infectious diseases. Untreated heat-treated poultry carcasses contain dangerous bacteria. In the acidic environment of the dog’s stomach, the harmful organisms multiply and cause unpleasant consequences (poisoning).
Feeding the pet pork bones with the remains of raw meat, also leads to problems associated with malaise. Thus, the dog becomes infected with worms.
Boiled soup kits are softer than raw, but carry just as much harm. When they are treated with high temperatures, gluten is formed. After swallowing, the dog has a clot in the stomach or intestines, which is difficult to eliminate from the body. Subsequently – constipation, severe spastic pain. Individual cases require surgical intervention.
Consumption by the pet of chicken, pork and rabbit bones, causes serious health problems. An alternative is treating with special chewable products for dogs. They are sold in pet stores.
The effects of feeding chicken and pork bones are disastrous for puppies under 2 months of age. Their immature gastrointestinal tract does not digest coarse food well. To prevent unpleasant results, for the first few trimesters of life, dogs should be kept off bone-based foods.
Can I Give Natural Bones
If the bone is the right shape for the dog, you can give it to the dog, such as beef bone. But its size should be medium. Ribs are also ideal for a treat. A large beef bone is hard and dense. A large dog will not be able to chew it and may damage its teeth.
Veterinarians do not recommend boiling bones. After treatment with high temperatures, they do not have any useful substances.
A dog is allowed to eat meat trimmings from beef or lamb bone. Cartilage tissues are given to her completely, without pre-treatment.
Puppies are recommended to be treated with a large beef bone. Their mouth muscles are not yet well developed, but they will find the process interesting.
Large adult dogs are given cartilaginous calf ribs. They are able to chew them completely.
Properly sized bones are suitable for consumption by dogs of all breeds and ages. They are sold in butcher shops at the market and are inexpensive. It is safe to treat your pet to turkey bones, vertebral trimmings, and sternum.
Before buying bones, you should check the age of the killed animal. If it was young, there is no danger in eating it for the dog. In older cows, harmful substances accumulate in the spongy structure of the skeleton. When ingested by the dog, they cause allergies, eating disorders or poisoning.
The owner, when choosing between boiled or raw bones, should give preference to the latter. The former won’t do any good, except for the chewing process itself. Only raw remains are good for brushing teeth and proper digestive function.
Solid dog treats from the pet store are the answer for many breeders. They are inexpensive and sold everywhere.
A pet that eats dry food should not eat natural giblets. The acidity in the stomach will not be able to digest them, especially tubular bone. Only manufactured analogues are preferred for these dogs.
There are several types of artificial bones:
- Calcium. Shape and maintain dental enamel. Help older dogs keep their musculoskeletal system healthy and strong. The weight of the pet and the amount of product needed are written on the package. Large individuals are given one piece per day, miniature ones divide it into several pieces.
- From tendons. Suitable for additional cleaning of teeth. The composition of the product is completely natural. The bones are given to allergic dogs. They do not cause a reaction of the body. Puppies engaged in such treats can spend several hours eating them.
- Chewables. Not suitable for dogs under 4 months of age. The owner should carefully read the instructions.
- Gelatin. Removes food debris, maintains healthy tooth enamel, and distracts the dog while he waits for his master. Bones are an additional source of collagen. Some pet industry representatives add vitamins and minerals to the mix. Zoologists give them to pregnant dogs, to keep them in shape.
- Chicken ones. The perfect analogue of natural bones. The taste of the product is indistinguishable from natural.
Store-bought treats can also pose a danger to dogs, especially small ones. The pieces that are not chewed get stuck in the throat and cause choking. If such an incident happens, the owner should take the dog in his arms, speak calmly and gently to him, open his mouth, and remove the foreign object. The main thing is not to panic and maintain self-control. In this case, no one but a human can save the four-legged dog.
The benefits of production bones:
- When changing teeth, the puppy experiences discomfort and itching in the mouth. Hard treats make the teething process easier;
- Teeth will be clean and strong, gums healthy;
- One bone contains lots of vitamins and minerals.
Small dogs should never be left alone with a treat. Despite the fact that the manufactured equivalent is softer than the natural one, the undeveloped muscles of the puppy are not able to thoroughly chew solid food.
Chew Bone Selection Criteria
A loving owner will encourage a furry friend with treats from the pet store. But how to choose the right bone for your dog.
- Taste. Manufacturers are ready to offer four-legged pets a wide range that will satisfy the desires of any foodie dog. In order to understand what exactly he likes, you need to buy several different products and observe the reaction.
- Size. Often large dogs, refuse large treats. They like to eat a medium-sized bone.
- Texture. Some individuals like the product softer, while others like it harder. It is possible to understand which bone will be to the animal’s taste by tasting a few pieces.
Choosing the right store-bought treat is not an easy task. A dog, like humans, has different food preferences. But the rich assortment of popular goodies, will help the owner choose the right option.
The breeder is allowed to treat the dog to bones several times a week. The right form of treats won’t threaten her in any way. But in order not to be confused at the right moment, the owner should know what can happen if the pet chews the wrong product.
The consequences of a poorly chosen bone:
- GI disorders (constipation, diarrhea, bloating, poisoning);
- Damage to enamel, teeth, gum and throat injuries, excessive salivation;
In all cases, the animal should be urgently hospitalized at the nearest veterinary clinic.
Natural or manufactured bones are a healthy treat for dogs. But in order not to harm your pet, you should choose such a treat correctly.
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