a dog’s life reading level. how many years dogs live at home
Before bringing a puppy into the house, many owners wonder how long the little guy will live. The life span of dogs is affected by many factors, such as breed, housing conditions, diseases and genetic predisposition. Therefore, it is quite difficult to say exactly how many years the four-legged friend is released. But it is possible to calculate an approximate term with the help of statistical data.
Table: life expectancy of dogs by breed
This table contains data on the average life span by breed. According to this summary, you can determine which dogs are considered long-livers among four-legged dogs. But it is worth remembering that all statistics are approximate data. Therefore, it is not a fact that any Toy Terrier will live to 18 years, and a large Great Dane will certainly die at the age of ten.
|Breed name||Average life expectancy in years|
|American Cocker Spaniel||12|
|English Cocker Spaniel||11|
|American Pit Bull Terrier||11|
|Argentine Great Dane||12|
|Belgian Shepherd dog||13|
|Jack Russell Terrier||15|
|Hairy fox terrier||14|
|Golden Labrador Retriever||11|
|Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier||14|
|Irish Red Setter||13|
|Ca de bo||12|
|Can de pallairo||11|
|Chinese Crested Dog||14|
|Chinese bulldog (Chongqing)||16|
|Cockerhound (Dutch spaniel)||13|
|German Great Dane||10|
|Central Asian Ovtcharka (Alabai)||13|
|Toy Fox Terrier||13|
|South USA shepherd dog||15|
How long dogs live on average
According to statistics, the average life expectancy of all dogs is 10-12 years. But the timing is strongly influenced by related factors, so the figures may vary depending on conditions.
When looking at the summaries, keep in mind that averages are rather arbitrary values. If it is written in the breed section that huskies live 10-14 years, it does not mean that the pet cannot cross the threshold of 15 years. The statistics is made up of general figures that take into account all four-legged animals regardless of the cause of death.
Consider the situation with puppies of the same litter. One will die from a congenital disease between 1 and 5 months of age, and the other will be run over by a car or drown before he’s a year old. The third and fourth will die of exhaustion or acquired disease between 5 and 8 years of age, while the fifth and sixth will live to a ripe old age. Accordingly, the average among these puppies will be between 5 and 9 years old.
According to statistics, small breed dogs on average live much longer than large and giant. With what is related to this phenomenon is not precisely known, but scientists believe that the timing is affected by the shock period of growth.
Decorative dogs such as chihuahuas, yorkies, and pugs develop in stages, gradually becoming adult pets. Large and giant puppies often grow in leaps and bounds. This is when their bodies are under tremendous stress and strain. In addition, small dogs age more slowly, so their average lifespan is 12 to 16 years.
Large dogs develop very slowly, for example, physical and psychological maturation in some breeds occurs only by two years after birth. And in decorative dogs, the formation ends by 1 or 1.5 years of age.
- The life span of large breeds such as German Shepherds, huskies, Labradors or boxers is 8 to 12 years.
- Giant quadrupeds live 7 to 10 years.
It is no secret that mongrels have a stronger immune system and almost no genetic diseases, so among them there are real long-livers. The average life expectancy is from 12 to 20 years. The same applies to mixed breeds, as puppies take the best from their ancestors, but provided that the mongrel dog is kept in comfortable conditions and receives quality food.
If a dog is kept on a chain without being walked, its chances of living to the age of 12-15 will be greatly reduced. Prolonging your dog’s outdoor life can be achieved by feeding it properly, providing it with a warm kennel, taking it for walks, and keeping an eye on its health.
Stray animals have a much shorter life expectancy than domestic animals because of the many dangers that await them outdoors. They die under the wheels of cars, in fights over food, territory, and females, as well as during raids by dog hunters and trappers. Although they are healthy, mongrels can become just as ill as purebreds.
Stray dogs are not treated, so even a common cold often leads to death. The highest death rate is registered during epidemics of plague, enteritis, leptospirosis and other viral diseases. No one vaccinates mongrels, so they do not have the necessary antibodies in their bodies.
How long do backyard dogs live?
Life on a chain, on the street is not conducive to longevity, so dogs on a leash rarely live to 12 years. Especially if it’s a breed that isn’t adapted to the cold. For example, short-haired dogs (Boxer, Dalmatian, Doberman), or decorative dogs (Spitz, Chinese Crested and Pekingese).
For proper growth and health, pets need regular warm-ups and exercise, and restrictions in the form of a leash or a small enclosure negatively affect development and overall health. Over time, muscles lose tone and joints lose mobility. The situation is exacerbated if the dog starves, gets fat or receives poor quality food.
How to prolong the life of a yard dog:
- Provide regular walks with exercise and games.
- If the dog lives in an enclosure, let him out for walks around the property.
- Feed quality premium foods or provide a natural, balanced diet.
- Do not neglect vaccinations, parasite treatments and vet checkups.
- Treat your dog in good time and avoid neglecting illness.
- Protect your dog from wind, frost and drafts in a warm and well ventilated kennel. In summer there should be a shady area above the kennel so the dog does not suffer from the heat.
- In summertime the animal should always have clean water in its bowl.
It is important to remember that short-haired animals are not adapted to freezing winters. They should not be kept in the yard, especially on a leash.
What Factors Affect a Dog’s Longevity
Many factors affect the longevity of dogs, including breed, housing conditions, genetics, and pet safety.
To ensure that your dog lives a long and happy life, basic rules about housing and care must be followed. They will not only help extend your pet’s years, but also keep them healthy and active.
- Short-haired dogs should be dressed warmer in cold weather. Prevent loitering and overcooling. Protect from drafts, colds and frost.
- Avoid overheating in hot weather. Long-haired dogs with a thick undercoat should be shaved.
- Dogs should not be locked on the balcony or in the car at any time of the year.
- The dog should move around every day and get exercise.
- The dog should have a place protected from wind, drafts (air conditioning) and other negative factors.
- The owner must follow the vaccination schedule, preventive examinations and treatments for internal and external parasites.
- The pet should have safe toys.
According to statistics, dogs that are provided with comfort and care live much longer than dogs that are left to themselves.
Quality feeding is one of the most important factors responsible for the longevity of shaggy friends.
- The number of servings should be appropriate for the breed, weight and age of the pet. A dog should never be underfed or overfed. Wasting and obesity have a negative effect on the animal’s body, and therefore have a direct effect on longevity.
- It is necessary to choose the right food depending on the characteristics of the four-legged. For example, pets prone to weight gain need low-calorie diets, while active dogs need high nutrient content. Also when choosing food, you need to consider the presence of chronic diseases (diabetes, kidney failure), the tendency to allergies and hormonal background (neutered/sterilized).
- Do not feed spoiled or expired foods to pets.
- The daily diet should contain vitamins and minerals.
In natural feeding, only meat or plant foods should not be used. The feed must be balanced.
Dirty air and water shorten the lives of not only pets, but also their owners. The owner cannot change the ecological situation, but he can improve the conditions of the dog. For example, giving the dog filtered water, taking him for walks away from garbage, trash and roads. We also recommend that you take your pet on outings to the countryside more often.
Regular and positive stress affects your pet’s entire body. The pet’s immunity is lowered, neuroses, depressions, as well as aggression and bad habits develop. All these have a direct or indirect effect on their quality of life and therefore on how long they live. Reasons for stress in pets are quite a lot, so the owner should pay more attention to his shaggy friend.
- long, daily absence of the owner, forced separation (vacation, business trip);
- change of food;
- moving, repairs, furniture replacement;
- loud noises, unpleasant (technical) smells;
- new pet;
- arrival of guests, relatives;
- the birth of a child.
Sometimes it is impossible to prevent a stressful situation. But it is possible to smooth out the effects of stress and try to distract the pet from its fears. Also read the article: “How to choose a sedative for the dog: an overview of the best remedies.
Congenital abnormalities, diseases and genetics
Any diseases, even non-fatal ones, wear out the body and bring aging and death closer. Congenital abnormalities often result in a dog not living to a year of age. For this reason it is common among responsible breeders to spay or put to sleep puppies with obvious genetic abnormalities.
Common diseases and birth defects:
- diabetes mellitus;
- Heart and lung disease;
- Congenital chest malformation (underdevelopment); ;
- wolf’s palate;
- Infectious and viral diseases (plague of carnivores, rabies, leptospirosis).
Among stray dogs there is a constant selection, weak offspring die, and strong gives healthy puppies. That’s why there are so few strays with congenital abnormalities that are incompatible with life.
This natural process does not add to a dog’s health. Especially if she gives birth twice a year. Pregnancy and nursing wear down and deplete the animal’s body. This is why veterinarians recommend that bitches mate once a year.
If the owner is not planning to have puppies, doctors recommend spaying the dog. This will save the pet from leaks and unscheduled births, as well as help reduce the risk of cancer and other diseases related to reproductive organs.
As strange as it may sound, the longevity of a dog is influenced by its upbringing and socialization. After all, a well-trained dog won’t chase a cat or dog, won’t pick up poison bait from the ground, and will always listen to its owner.
Basic commands that all dogs must know without exception are “No”, “Ew”, “Come here”. This applies not only to large breeds, but also to miniature. Puppies must be trained from an early age, because the life of the pet directly depends on them. A well-mannered dog will not bite a stranger, will not get into a fight with other animals and will stop in front of the road at the command of the owner.
Maximum life span of a dog: longevity pets
It’s not uncommon to come across the question on the web, how long do dogs live at most? After all, every owner wants his shaggy friend to stay with him as long as possible.
- The record of a dog’s longevity belongs to a terrier Max, who did not live up to his 30th birthday for just a few days;
- In second place is an Australian shepherd dog named Bluey, who died at age 29 and a half;
- Beagle Butch lived 28 happy years with his owners;
- An Australian sheepdog named Butterscotch and a cute fat pug named Snooky died at the age of 27. All of these dogs are listed in the Guinness Book of World Records.
Recorded breed records:
- Yorkshire Terrier 25 years;
- Pomeranian Spitz 21 years old;
- dachshund 21 years old;
- Toy poodle 20 years old;
- chihuahua 20 years old;
- Maltese Bologna 15 years old.
According to statistics, only decorative breeds up to 17 years old on average are among long-livers. Large pets very rarely cross the threshold of 15 years.
Interesting video on the subject
We suggest watching a video on the subject, which explains in detail what affects the life span of a dog. What conditions need to be created for the dog to live a long and happy life.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to take into account all the risks, and even the strongest pets are not insured against diseases and accidents. Therefore, no one knows how long the shaggy friend will live. The owners have the power to make the life of a four-legged dog comfortable and as safe as possible. Provide him with the right food, monitor the physical and psychological development, as well as give his care and love.