Have you decided to get a dog? This is a wonderful solution. The dog will meet you from work, joyfully wagging its tail. And forced hiking will strengthen your health. And let's confess, we all love fluffy!
However, in reality, it turns out that the decision to start the dog is not so successful. The beloved bug destroyed half the apartment, ate a neighboring cat, runs away on a walk and does not come up to us when we call her.
I often see the so-called dog owners on the street who barely manage to be behind their dog, because she pulls them by the leash. In the parks you can often hear the screams addressed by the furry bastards, and see other joys of dog lovers.
For some reason, dog owners rarely think about the fact that the puppy, like the child, needs upbringing. Therefore, I decided to talk with a professional trainer and find out “first-hand” the golden rules for educating dogs.
The first steps
The most common mistakes when choosing a dog
When choosing a dog, it is important to choose a breed that would suit the personal qualities of the conductor. If you are an extremely calm person, phlegmatic and chose Malinua, of course, there will be problems. If you are an athlete and chose Senbernara, there will be a problem. It is important that there is a correspondence, the selected dog and the lifestyle of the owner.
The most common mistakes when educating the dog
Humanizing the dog is a major mistake. Ignorance of physiology, ignorance of the basic principles of education and training. Permissiveness regarding the actions of dogs.
Problems arise from this. A dog can do whatever it wants. The dog can go wherever he wants. The dog can bark at whoever you want. You can not execute commands. We all love our dogs, but love and permissiveness are two different things.
How to properly feed your dog
Many owners feed their pet before a walk. However, doing so is wrong and even harms your pet. The dog is a predator. From the point of view of physiology, a predator must first receive a load, catch its prey, and only then eat it. After eating, predators rest, and the dog should also rest after walking and feeding.
If you feed the dog before a walk, then when it actively moves, plays, runs, the likelihood of intestinal volvulus or stomach volvulus increases.
In addition, if a walk is combined with a lesson with a dog, then with a satisfied food motivation, the effectiveness of classes drops significantly (if the dog shows a desire to do something at all).
It is enough to feed an adult dog of medium and large sizes in the evening, that is, once a day. Small dogs need to be fed twice a day. If the dog is intensively trained or trained, then the dog is fed based on the level of stress and energy expenditure of the body.
How to train a dog to go to the toilet on the street, and not in the house
A small puppy will still go to the toilet at home. There is no escape from this. Everyone experienced it. Try to get outside more often. When performing natural needs on the street, do not forget to praise the dog. At home, in no case do not punish, and even more so do not use physical punishment. You can express your displeasure angrily. Be patient, you will often have to clean up after him and treat these places with some kind of antiseptic.
Do not use diapers. If a puppy is taught to go to the toilet in the same place in the house, we will form a certain behavior pattern, and then it will be very difficult to teach him to go to the toilet on the street. A stereotype is developed: a diaper or a corner is a toilet. This behavior is formed and reinforced by the owner. We praise when the dog went to the diaper, how then to explain to the dog that she has grown up and does not need to walk in the apartment, and the toilet has moved to the street. Of course, you can retrain a dog, but we create a problem for ourselves, which then will need to be solved.
When left alone at home, she starts to bark. Barks when he hears someone walking through the door
First, you need to find out the cause of the anxiety. She barks at extraneous sounds, from longing or just like that.
You need to teach her to stay at home so that she behaves calmly. Reinforce the calm behavior of the dog when we leave the dog for a short period of time. You don't have to come in when she's barking. Otherwise, we will reinforce precisely the barking of the dog.
Before leaving, increase the physical load and stress on the nervous system so that the dog comes from classes, eats, rests and goes to bed.
Some dogs are afraid of loud noises, such as thunder or firecrackers.
There can be many reasons for this behavior. This is a weak nervous system, this is a negative life experience, these are negative associations with loud sounds, pain sensations that coincided with loud sounds. Basically, dogs that live in the city have a weak nervous system.
You can fix this during class. It is necessary to lay in the dog positive associations that are associated with loud sounds. It will be like a signal. An explosion of firecrackers – a lot of delicious food. Firecracker Blast is a big intense and highly anticipated game. Over time, the dog will perceive loud noises as a call to play. It is important to remember here that every fear, like every dog, requires an individual approach.
Behavior on the street
How to Train an Active Breed Dog to Be Calm
You have got a dog of an active breed, therefore, you must provide the dog with an adequate load for its temperament. Physical activity and stress on the nervous system, sports that are suitable for dogs of this breed. Show the way to meet her needs, which are characteristic of the breed.
In parallel, you need to accustom the dog to the cage so that it can easily remain alone in the cage. Of course, the dog cannot be in it all the time. You can be “locked up” for no more than 4 hours, provided that the dog is provided with activity during the day. The cage should be large enough for the dog Stand up and turn around freely.
If the dog is in a cage, then you can take two short walks (15-20 minutes a day) and add one intensive walk to this.
How to teach a dog to walk quietly next to you, not to pull on the leash
Who leads whom on a walk, he leads to those. The main thesis should be like that – you are going for a walk with me, and not I walk with you. Multifaceted to consider the attitude of the dog to the conductor and vice versa, i. E. These are, first of all, the issues of educating the dog and questions of the attitude of the dog to a person – to the conductor.
The stretched leash should mean for the dog that it does something wrong. With the slightest tension of the leash, it should at least stop. In addition, the dog must sensitively respond to every jerk of the leash, which corresponds to the level of excitation of the nervous system, the size and breed of the dog. Create a dog discomfort with a stretched leash, show her the path of entering a comfortable state. Comfortable – near the leg of the conductor, but this is not the command "Heel".
The dog runs away and does not respond to its nickname
If you cannot control your dog using commands, then do not let it go from the leash. The dog is always learning. In this case, she learns not to listen to the conductor directly and not respond to his commands. Take the obedience commands on the leash until it is brought to automatism.
How to wean the dog "pick" on the street
Firstly, it is important at an early age not to accustom it to select it from the ground. Show her that this is bad.
Secondly, the time for a walk is the time that we can devote to our dog (classes with her and communication). You do not need to spend it on the dog learning something bad and dangerous for itself. A walk is the joy of classes and teaching something necessary.
Thirdly-to show that picking up food from the ground carries a negative color for the dog.
It is necessary to create positive associations with such an element of equipment as a muzzle, so that the dog loves this muzzle. Most of the owners incorrectly accustom the dog: they put on a muzzle, dragged on and went outside. The dog, of course, does not like it. In addition, the muzzle should be selected correctly. We need a free muzzle so that the dog has the opportunity to open the mouth, breathe. Optimal models are either plastic or metal (rubberized).
Elimination of aggression
The dog behaves aggressively in relation to the owners, to family members or to passers-by, to other dogs
Basically, the dog behaves aggressively for two reasons. Firstly, aggression could be born with fears. The dog is afraid of passers-by, because for her they may look somehow unusual. Accordingly, aggression is a protective reaction: do not Come, otherwise I will bite.
Secondly, a banal self-affirmation, and this is a consequence of the wrong relationship of the owner and dog.
Aggression in relation to the owners can occur for a wide variety of reasons. Some kind of dog does not like to cut his nails, because of this snapps. Another dog does not like children. Third – does not let me go past the bowl when she eats. Accordingly, with each of these cases, you need to understand separately. There can be no general recommendations here. We need an individual approach in order to find the “source” of such behavior.
As a rule, the dog, anticipating something negative for itself, knows how to avoid this-to demonstrate aggression or attack. First of all, questions arise for the owners. What did you do so that such problems do not arise? Why didn’t they pay attention to this earlier, and now, when the problem has reached this level?
Aggression in relation to other dogs is also a separate case. The dog can provoke aggression itself. She does not try to defend herself, but attacks the first. This means only that the owner allowed this from the very beginning, incorrectly introduced other dogs in childhood or at a different age. He failed to timely adjust the early manifestation of this aggression, taking into account the breed and individual characteristics of the dog. Accordingly, and now it does not work on the problem. Everything suits him.
Depending on the cause of aggression, the methodology of correction of behavior is selected. In any case, it is difficult to correct the aggressive behavior of the dog to independently. If you think that such behavior is incorrigible, then you are mistaken. By and large, with the right approach, aggression is removed quickly enough.
The dog jumps on people when meeting
Such behavior is quite common when the dog jumps on people at a meeting, regardless of whether this is familiar or just passers-by. Even when meeting the owner, the dog seeks to rise higher to the owner.
The first thing to do is show the dog that jumps are not beneficial to her. Of course, you do not need to beat it with a knee or scold it. The dog jumps because it is such a ritual of greeting. The dog is very glad that the owner came, and the ritual of greeting in the dogs is to lick his face. Accordingly, you need to jump for this.
It is necessary to change the ritual of greeting to such that both the dog and the owner are satisfied. Do you want me to pay attention to you? Do you want me to talk when I came? I am also glad to see you, Come and sit down. When the dog accepted the required pose, you need to reinforce such behavior. So the ritual of greeting changes. The dog understands that she is unprofitable to jump. This does not lead to the result I need.
How to behave correctly in the event of an attack by a dog or manifestation of aggression of a stranger dog in relation to oneself
It all depends on what kind of dog it is. Paria dogs that live just next to a person do not attack people.
If this is mongrels, then it is enough to show that we raise some kind of stone from the ground. Dogs, having a lot of life experience, run away. You can try to say in a rude and confident voice to leave.
In the case of an attack by a dog breed, you need to try to give any command out of obedience: “sit”, “Down”, etc. This must be done with a confident commanding voice.
Dogs that are trained professionally will not attack people. The conductors are very protected and do not allow such situations. Dogs themselves know that you can attack a person only on command. Just this category of dogs is safer.
Large dogs (grassy) such as Staffordshire terriers can purposefully attack a person. If I have any item-an umbrella, bag, box, I put this item in front of me. With a loud command voice I will say that the dog moves away from me. Most likely, aggression will be directed either to the subject, or the dog will refuse to attempt to attack. If, nevertheless, it was not possible to avoid an attack, then with improvised objects to try to impress internal organs or eyes.
The attack of the attack is different, and if we are talking about my human health or human health, then you need to fight for it with all its might.
The choice of a coach and dog training
When meeting a coach by phone, find out where the classes are held and agree to attend these classes. See how classes go. At this time, talk with guides, with dog owners who attend classes for a long time.
Look at the results that they reached during class. Find out how much time they were engaged in this instructor and try to evaluate the results of the work.
You need to find out from the instructor where he got his education, what results he achieved during the period during which he was training dogs, what is the length of service as an instructor. If possible, ask to see his personal dog. Because if he couldn't train his dog, then naturally, how can he train your dog?
Ask the coach if he participated in any competitions, tests. As whom, with his dogs or with dogs trained by him. What results did you get. Find out about his cynological education. About work experience. The results of passing courses such as OKD, ZKS, controlled city dog (BH) are not the achievements of the trainer – this is just a test training.
When attending classes with a trainer, you will need to bring some things with you. If you came to obedience class with a small dog or puppy, then you will need: a soft collar, a long leash (5-7 meters), a short leash (2 meters). In no case should it be a roulette wheel. Belt bag. Food from the dog's diet or treats. Clothing that suits the season is better for sportswear. All this is necessary in order to be comfortable working with the dog.
Nobody Cares About Your Dog Training Certifications. Here’s why…
You can start exercising with a dog when it starts to eat on its own and starts running on its own. 3-3. 5 months is the optimal age.
Dog training begins when you bring the dog home. But even before that, it is better to consult with the instructor so as not to create problems in the future.
Owners of small breeds should also consider a trainer. Miniature Dachshunds, French Bulldogs, Fox Terriers, Jagd Terriers and other small dogs. All dogs need training. It is necessary to accustom people to adequate behavior in society. Regardless of the size of the dog, we must deal with them and make sure that the dog does not cause problems for the owner either at home or on the street.
You can read a lot of advice on dog training on the Internet. However, it is worth remembering that, like a child, a dog needs to be brought up, and this issue should be approached individually. The requirements for upbringing and training are similar, but the ways to achieve results, like dogs, are different. If you start training in time with a competent and professional trainer, work on the task at home, then many problems can be avoided, and many shortcomings in behavior cannot be acquired at all.
- The first steps
- The most common mistakes when choosing a dog
- The most common mistakes when educating the dog
- How to properly feed your dog
- How to train a dog to go to the toilet on the street, and not in the house
- When left alone at home, she starts to bark. Barks when he hears someone walking through the door
- Some dogs are afraid of loud noises, such as thunder or firecrackers.
- Behavior on the street
- Elimination of aggression
- The choice of a coach and dog training
- Nobody Cares About Your Dog Training Certifications. Here’s why…